Coronary Angiography: Procedure, Recovery & Risk

By | January 27, 2024
Coronary Angiography

Coronary angiography is a test whose main purpose is to find out if you have a blockage in a coronary artery or not. The test is additionally called a cardiac angiogram or cardiac catheterization. You can go to the Best hospital in Jaipur for the same.

Procedure-  How the Test is Performed?

In the cardiology hospital, this test is performed as an area of your body (the arm or groin) is cleaned and numbed with an anaesthetic. The cardiologist (a doctor who specializes in treating heart diseases) passes a thin hollow tube, called a catheter, through your artery and carefully pushes it up into the heart. The doctor positions the catheter with the help of X-ray pictures. Once the catheter is in the required spot, then the dye (contrast material) is injected into the catheter. X-ray pictures are taken to watch how the dye changes positions through the artery. The dye enables the highlight of any blockages in blood flow. The procedure generally lasts for half an hour to 1 hour (Doctor also used to see an X-ray screen for pictures to watch how blood flows through your heart).

In this procedure, the main purpose is to examine the entire coronary tree, record details of coronary anatomy distribution and then analyse the data to provide the best treatment by the best cardiology hospital in Jaipur under the top facilities.

Recovery and follow-up when you get home

  • Be relaxed and drink plenty of water.
  • Don’t smoke or drink alcohol.
  • Remove the bandage after 24 hours if the wound is fine.
  • Instead of a proper bath, use a hot tub for a little bath for at least three days to protect the wound from the water. You may shower after 3 days.
  • Don’t apply any kind of lotion near the puncture site for three days.
  • You’ll need to see your heart doctor a week after the test.

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Risks involved with angiography

As with all medical treatment, there are both risks and benefits associated with it. Coronary Angiography also has some risks which depend on various situations and cardiology hospitals. Let’s have look at those risks:-

Minor complications may include:

  • Bleeding under the skin at the wound site. It will recover in a few days. No need to panic.
  • Bruising is very common to have from the procedure and can long for a week. You do not need to worry about this.
  • An allergy can develop within you from the contrast dye which is used in this procedure causing symptoms such as a rash. To encounter this complication, you should discuss any allergies that you have with your cardiologist before having the procedure.

Some severe complications that are unusual, but may include:

  • Damage to the artery in the arm
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Damage to the kidneys is caused by the contrast dye.
  • Tissue damage is caused by X-ray radiation if the procedure is prolonged
  • Serious bleeding
  • Death

Some Reasons behind the development of complications are:-

  • The first one is your age. The age factor plays a crucial role in the procedure. The risk of complications will be higher in the case of the old one.
  • If the procedure is emergency treatment because the emergency treatment is always riskier.
  • If you have kidney disease then the dye used during the procedure can sometimes cause further damage to your kidneys.
  • If you have more than one blocked coronary artery. Then it will be really difficult for the doctors to perform the procedure effectively because it can increase the chances of getting more sick.
  • If you have encountered any kind of heart disease before the test then it can lead to critical conditions.

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