Meaning of Management? Explain the Importance, Functions, and Levels

By | July 26, 2023

What is Management:

Management can be defined as the process of designing and nurturing an environment in an organization in which individuals, usually working in a group/group, accomplish defined objectives efficiently and the management architects the ways to achieve the goals and ultimate optimization of resources at a minimal cost and Planning, organizing, directing, staffing, and managing are some of the fundamental responsibilities of management in a commercial setting. They see numerous talents for manager roles including those in planning, communication, organization, and leadership.

Levels of Management:

  1. Top Management: Setting basic goals or objectives and Expanding or contracting activities Top management includes Owners, Shareholders, Chief executives, etc.
  2. Upper Middle management: Some Activities are like this:
    •       Installing different departments
    •       Designing operating policies and routines
    •       Assigning duties to their subordinates
    •       It Includes Production executives, sales executives, etc.
  1. Middle Management: Middle management works on
    •       Coordination between different parts of the organization
    •       Conducting training for employee development
    •       Building an efficient company team spirit

Middle management includes Branch Managers, Superintendents, etc.

  1. Lower Management: They supervise workers for their work, impart instruction and develop work methods operations, as well as They include Foramen, Supervisors, or charge-hands.
  2. Operating Force of Rank and file workmen: Its role is to work independently or under the guidance of a ‘supervisor’, So The Operating Force consists of Rank and file workmen, Skilled and Semi-skilled workers, etc.

Importance of management:

Here are some reasons management is important:

Helps in achieving group goals: It gives a common direction to individual efforts and guides them towards achieving the overall goals of an organization

Increases efficiency: It reduces costs and increases productivity will increase efficiency.

Creates a dynamic organization: Management helps its personnel in adapting to change so that the organization continues to maintain its competitive edge

Helps in achieving personal objectives: Effective management is depends on team spirit, cooperation, and commitment to achieve the organizational goals as a group as well as individual.

Characteristics of Management:

Some of the fundamental characteristics of management:-


Most management oversees and supervises a company or organization’s service or production cycle also Managers work closely with and provide guidance to the members of their team.

A manager considers a staff member both as an individual with diverse needs and as a component of the larger group, So to be effective managers influence their team members to achieve the organization’s goals.


Management is a dynamic function and evolves and adapts to changes in its environment, whether they are economic, socio-political, or technological A paper company could see a decline in sales because of the rapid adoption of screens and digital devices.


Management presence can change the way an organization functions also it consists of ideologies, policies, & human interaction.

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Objectives of Management:

Organizational objectives

Typically, the primary aim of an organization is to achieve growth by utilizing its human, material, and financial resources, So there are three general organizational objectives for any company:

  •       Survival: To cover its operational costs, an organization needs to generate enough revenues
  •       Profit: It covers unprecedented costs and risks associated with running a business.
  •       Growth: Growth for business is to increase sales volume, workforce, and capital investment.

Social objectives

To an extent, the management is also responsible for creating benefits for society through their work, also Companies choose to do this in different ways and Some may incorporate environment-friendly methods of production, while others implement fair wages and opportunities, also there are some Larger companies who maintain or fund initiatives that provide basic amenities like healthcare and education.

Personnel objectives

The management typically decides the financial incentives, salaries, perks, and social initiatives for their employees, also Activities that improve peer recognition also interaction like corporate outings & holiday bonuses cater to the personnel’s social growth and development.

Functions of Management:

These are some functions of management:


Planning involves creating a timeline of tasks that need to be completed to achieve a specific goal, and Managers execute planning and it should be carried out systematically to avoid wastage of resources and time, also the detailed plan of action minimizes confusion, risk, wastage, and uncertainty.

Prioritise organization

The objective of organizing is to nurture a symbiotic relationship between the personnel, financial and physical resources of the company Proper organizing provides the course of action that meets all parameters for success, as well as organizing involves the identification and classification of business activities, delegation, and coordination.

Improve staffing

Staffing involves recruiting and building a team for the organization The staffing process of companies is often lengthy and in-depth, So management identifies professional roles in the company and the skills/qualities required to perform well in these roles also The manager then selects staff for those roles through the recruitment processes.

Provide direction

Supervising, motivating, and guiding the staff members is central to the functions of a manager and directing involves taking the steps to put the work in motion and maintain productivity to achieve company goals This requires excellent leadership, communication, and interpersonal skills to drive the team towards completing organizational objectives.

Monitor quality

Businesses function on some established standards of performance, So that a manager ensures that the staff’s collective output meets quantity and quality benchmarks set by the company, also Control at each level prevents overall deviation from prescribed quality specifications.


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There are some FAQs that give you more clarification to students and other people.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Why is management important?

Firstly, management ensures that the company runs smoothly and efficiently also they plan and organize the work, set targets and deadlines, and delegate tasks to employees.

Secondly, management is responsible for ensuring that employees are productive and motivated also They set clear expectations, provide feedback and recognition, and offer development opportunities.

At last, management is responsible for the financial health of the company.

  1. What is effective management?

Management effectiveness is a term used to describe the ability of managers to make decisions that lead to desired outcomes also An effective manager can plan, organize and execute tasks in many ways that achieve the goals of the organization.

  1. What does good management look like?

Good management means setting clear goals and objectives and then developing a plan to achieve them also It means creating a positive work environment where employees feel valued and motivated. In addition, good management requires effective communication and team-building skills and By effectively leading and motivating employees, managers can help ensure that a company reaches its full potential.

  1. Why do you study management?

You learn how to lead and inspire teams, make effective decisions, and create and implement strategies, So You also learn how to think critically and analytically, essential skills in any business setting, also management courses can be tailored to your specific interests, whether it be human resources, marketing, or project management and company as well.

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